• NHS Highlands. Adverse Childhood Experiences, Resilience, and Trauma Informed Care (The Annual Report of the DIrector of Public Health, 2018).

  • Bethell, C. D. et al. Methods to assess adverse childhood experiences of children and families: toward approaches to promote child well-being in policy and practice. Acad. Pediatr. 17, S51–S69 (2017).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Pace, C. S. et al. The Adverse Childhood Experiences-International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ) in community samples around the world: a systematic review (part I). Child Abus. Negl. 129, 105640 (2022).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Sethi, D. et al. European Report on Preventing Child Maltreatment: World Health Organization (Regional Office for Europe, 2013).

  • Jaffee, S. R. Child maltreatment and risk for psychopathology in childhood and adulthood. Annu. Rev. Clin. Psychol. 13, 525–551 (2017).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Neil, L. et al. Trust and childhood maltreatment: evidence of bias in appraisal of unfamiliar faces. J. Child Psychol. Psychiatry 63, 655–662 (2022).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Armbruster-Genc, D. J. N. et al. Altered reward and effort processing in children with maltreatment experience: a potential indicator of mental health vulnerability. Neuropsychopharmacology 47, 1063–1070 (2022).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Goemans, A., Viding, E. & McCrory, E. Child maltreatment, peer victimization, and mental health: neurocognitive perspectives on the cycle of victimization. Trauma Violence Abuse https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380211036393 (2021).

  • Gerin, M. I. et al. Heightened amygdala reactivity and increased stress generation predict internalizing symptoms in adults following childhood maltreatment. J. Child Psychol. Psychiatry 60, 752–761 (2019).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • McCrory, E. J., Gerin, M. I. & Viding, E. Annual Research Review: Childhood maltreatment, latent vulnerability and the shift to preventative psychiatry—the contribution of functional brain imaging. J. Child Psychol. Psychiatry 58, 338–357 (2017). [published Online First: 2017/03/16].

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • McCrory, E. & Viding, E. The neurobiology of maltreatment and adolescent violence. Lancet 375, 1856–1857 (2010). [published Online First: 2010/06/01].

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Alhowaymel, F., Kalmakis, K. & Jacelon, C. Developing the concept of adverse childhood experiences: a global perspective. J. Pediatr. Nurs. 56, 18–23 (2021).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Anda, R. F. et al. Building a framework for global surveillance of the public health implications of adverse childhood experiences. Am. J. Prev. Med 39, 93–98 (2010).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Bellis, M. A. et al. Life course health consequences and associated annual costs of adverse childhood experiences across Europe and North America: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Public Health 4, e517–e528 (2019).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Berger, L. M. Income, family structure, and child maltreatment risk. Child. Youth Serv. Rev. 26, 725–748 (2004).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Hughes, K. et al. The effect of multiple adverse childhood experiences on health: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Public Health 2, e356–e366 (2017).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Varese, F. et al. Childhood adversities increase the risk of psychosis: a meta-analysis of patient-control, prospective-and cross-sectional cohort studies. Schizophrenia Bull. 38, 661–671 (2012).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Norman, R. E. et al. The long-term health consequences of child physical abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 9, e1001349 (2012).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Kaplow, J. B. & Widom, C. S. Age of onset of child maltreatment predicts long-term mental health outcomes. J. Abnorm. Psychol. 116, 176 (2007).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Tomoda, A. et al. Childhood sexual abuse is associated with reduced gray matter volume in visual cortex of young women. Biol. Psychiatry 66, 642–648 (2009).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Heim, C. M. et al. Decreased cortical representation of genital somatosensory field after childhood sexual abuse. Am. J. Psychiatry 170, 616–623 (2013).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Shipman, K. et al. Emotion management skills in sexually maltreated and nonmaltreated girls: a developmental psychopathology perspective. Dev. Psychopathol. 12, 47–62 (2000).

    Article 
    CAS 

    Google Scholar 

  • Assed, M. M. et al. Facial emotion recognition in maltreated children: a systematic review. J. Child Fam. Stud. 29, 1493–1509 (2020).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Cloitre, M. et al. Emotion regulation mediates the relationship between ACES and physical and mental health. Psychol. Trauma. Theory Res. Pract. Policy 11, 82 (2019).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Gibb, B. E. Childhood maltreatment and negative cognitive styles: a quantitative and qualitative review. Clin. Psychol. Rev. 22, 223–246 (2002).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Schierholz, A. et al. What mediates the link between childhood maltreatment and depression? The role of emotion dysregulation, attachment, and attributional style. Eur. J. Psychotraumatol. 7, 32652 (2016).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Chen, M. & Lacey, R. E. Adverse childhood experiences and adult inflammation: findings from the 1958 British birth cohort. Brain Behav. Immun. 69, 582–590 (2018).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Nurius, P. S., Logan-Greene, P. & Green, S. Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) within a social disadvantage framework: Distinguishing unique, cumulative, and moderated contributions to adult mental health. J. Prev. Intervent. Commun. 40, 278–290 (2012).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Liu, S. R., Kia-Keating, M. & Nylund-Gibson, K. Patterns of adversity and pathways to health among White, Black, and Latinx youth. Child Abus. Negl. 86, 89–99 (2018).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Chung, E. K. et al. Screening for social determinants of health among children and families living in poverty: a guide for clinicians. Curr. Probl. Pediatr. Adolesc. Health Care 46, 135–153 (2016).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Chandan, J. S. et al. Exploration of trends in the incidence and prevalence of childhood maltreatment and domestic abuse recording in UK primary care: a retrospective cohort study using ‘the health improvement network’database. BMJ Open 10, e036949 (2020).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Schneider, M., VanOrmer, J. & Zlomke, K. Adverse childhood experiences and family resilience among children with Autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. J. Dev. Behav. Pediatr. 40, 573–580 (2019).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Baim, C. The Drama Spiral: A Decision-Making Model for Safe, Ethical, and Flexible Practice when Incorporating Personal Stories in Applied Theatre and Performance. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63242-1_4 (2017).

  • Fancourt, D. et al. How do artistic creative activities regulate our emotions? Validation of the Emotion Regulation Strategies for Artistic Creative Activities scale (ERS-ACA). PLoS One 14, e0211362 (2019).

  • Zarobe, L. & Bungay, H. The role of arts activities in developing resilience and mental wellbeing in children and young people a rapid review of the literature. Perspect. Public Health 137, 337–347 (2017).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Robarts, J. Music therapy with sexually abused children. Clin. Child Psychol. Psychiatry 11, 249–269 (2006).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Pretorius, G. & Pfeifer, N. Group art therapy with sexually abused girls. South Afr. J. Psychol. 40, 63–73 (2010).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Olff, M. Mobile mental health: a challenging research agenda. Eur. J. Psychotraumatol. 6, 27882 (2015).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Gulliver, A., Griffiths, K. M. & Christensen, H. Perceived barriers and facilitators to mental health help-seeking in young people: a systematic review. BMC Psychiatry 10, 113 (2010).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Lester, S., Khatwa, M. & Sutcliffe, K. Service needs of young people affected by adverse childhood experiences (ACEs): a systematic review of UK qualitative evidence. Child. Youth Serv. Rev. 118, 105429 (2020).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Jackson, D. B., Testa, A. & Fox, B. Adverse childhood experiences and digital media use among U.S. children. Am. J. Preventive Med. 60, 462–470 (2021).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Aboujaoude, E. et al. Editorial: Digital interventions in mental health: current status and future directions. Front. Psychiatry 11, 111–111 (2020).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Liverpool, S. et al. Engaging children and young people in digital mental health interventions: systematic review of modes of delivery, facilitators, and barriers. J. Med. Internet Res. 22, e16317 (2020).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Fitzgerald, M. & Ratcliffe, G. Serious games, gamification, and serious mental illness: a scoping review. Psychiatr. Serv. 71, 170–183 (2020).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • Anderson, K. M. & Cook, J. R. Challenges and opportunities of using digital storytelling as a trauma narrative intervention for traumatized children. Adv. Soc. Work 16, 78–89 (2015).

    Article 

    Google Scholar 

  • The Lancet. Child mental health services in England: a continuing crisis. Lancet 395, 389 (2020).

    Article 
    CAS 

    Google Scholar 

  • Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *